Today, we are going to learn about the science of repentance. In the Bible, repentance refers to sorrow for sin and a turning away from it. Sin refers to the transgression of God’s moral law which causes us to be separated from God, our Creator and Sustainer. When we live in sin, God’s character and purposes for creating us are so marred that we cannot discern it, neither can we choose it. It takes repentance from sin to turn the tide of evil in our lives around. Let’s find out more!

Two Kinds of Repentance in the Bible

1. What are the two types of sorrow?

For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. 2 Corinthians 7:10

Comment: Godly sorrow is at variance with worldly sorrow just as far as the East is from the West. While godly sorrow cuts deep into the heart and leads to a change of heart, because there is true sorrow for sin and the love of God is received in the heart, worldly sorrow only thinks about the consequences of sin and does not result into a change of heart.

The Outcome of True Repentance

2. What kind of spirit/heart does God promise to give us?

And I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh. Eze 11:19

Comment: The problem of sin is a spiritual one and has to be dealt with in our hearts. Mere outward forms, religious activities and behaviour patterns cannot change the wicked heart of man in as much as man has no power of his own to give life; only God can! Therefore, we must daily in prayer and by faith cling to God’s promises.

3. Why will God give us a new spirit/heart?

And I will put a new spirit within you; and . . . an heart of flesh. That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God. Eze 11:19-20

Comment: When we surrender our lives to God and the humanly impossible task of changing our hearts and giving us a new spirit has been accomplished by God in us, it leads us to fall in love with His commandments and walk in obedience to His Word. We become His adopted children, delighting to do His will.

Story: A man was doomed for death because of a diseased heart caused by a bad lifestyle. His doctor recommended a heart transplant; a surgery that will help him receive another heart from a selfless donor who offered to die instead. Now, the diseased man could not rescue his own life by any efforts on his part than to accept the greatest gift anyone had offered him; a new heart. When the surgery was completed, out of gratitude to his benefactor, he ensured he kept his heart healthy by making the right choices in life. The plan of salvation is similar to this; we love God because He first loved us and gave us His Son to save us from the depths of sin in which we were sunken!


Don’t you think Jesus is loving to have taken your sins and death upon Himself that you may live eternally?

Why Should We Repent?

4. What are the ways of death?

There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death. Prov 16:25

Comment: Our best thoughts are tainted with sin because we are innately selfish and born under sin. By ourselves, we cannot choose right and our safest option is to seek God’s eternal purpose for our lives whose ways are higher than our ways and His thoughts than our thoughts.

5. Who will die in their sins?

I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am [he], ye shall die in your sins. John 8:24

Comment: The free gift of salvation in Jesus Christ is offered to our sin-devastated world and when we refuse this free invitation, we have a herculean task of rescuing ourselves from the pit of sin in which we have sunken; a hopeless task for we all have sinned and fallen short of God’s salvation. Those who lived faithfully to God before the first Advent of Christ in faith for a coming Redeemer will also have Christ’s sacrifice accorded to them.

6. What is the wages of sin?

For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom 6:23

Comment: The wages of sin is death because when we sin, we cut ourselves off from the life-giver, God. This is why Jesus Christ came and paid our debt so that we can be made right with God again and live with Him eternally when the problem of sin is finally dealt with and sinners are eventually destroyed.

7. How can we have everlasting life?

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John 3:1 6

Comment: There is no greater love than this because while we were yet sinners, Christ, the eternal Son of God, came as a human and died the death that was due to us. Now, our only hope of everlasting life and a life free from the guilt of sin and condemnation of the law of God is found in the Son of God who takes away the sins of the world.

8. What does the thief come to do?

The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have [it] more abundantly. John 10:10

Comment: Satan, the self-acclaimed rebel against God’s government and the originator of sin wants us to go down with him to everlasting death but Jesus, the crowned Son of God, wants us to have abundant life and peace now and to reign with Him in everlasting life. The choice to repent and accept the free gift of God is ours!

9. How will Jesus Christ reward every man?
And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward [is] with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. Rev 22:12

Comment: When Jesus shall return soon to this earth, He is not coming again as the Lamb of God slain for the world’s sins, but He is coming as the righteous Judge of mankind to make an end of sin and sinners and usher in everlasting righteousness.


Consider what eternal life in the perfect sinless kingdom of a loving and selfless King as Jesus would mean and the abiding peace of Jesus in our world of sin, guilt, sickness, misery, death, and pointlessness! It’s remarkable and I would like to give Him a chance in my life, wouldn’t you?


How to reference this post: S. O. Fidimaye (2018). Bible Study Guide: Goodbye, Earth. via